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    Posts in Concrete Repairs

    FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE FLOOR, WALLS AND EXTERNAL PAVING REPAIRS

    March 12th, 2019 Posted by Blog, Concrete Repair, Concrete Repairs, Featured Case Study 0 thoughts on “FACTORY AND WAREHOUSE FLOOR, WALLS AND EXTERNAL PAVING REPAIRS”

    FCS Concrete Repairs are experts in the repair of damaged factory and warehouse floors.

    FCS Concrete Repairs have the experience in all facets of concrete repair:

    • Concrete Floor Repair and Crack Injection
    • Concrete Wall Repair and Crack Injection
    • Joint Filling
    • Reinforced Concrete Replacement
    • Concrete Patch Repairs
    • Flexible Concrete Infills Across Joint [Latest Technology – Elastomeric Concrete]
    • Delaminated Concrete Topping Repair
    • Grated Drain Repair

    Does this look like your factory or warehouse floor or your external paving?

    Typically, concrete floors in factories and warehouses require repair due to:

    • Forklift damage
    • Cracking
    • Joint failure
    • Surface delamination, scaling, dusting
    • Sub-base subsidence, wash-outs, voids
    • Chemical damage
    • Design issues
    • Wear and tear

    If your factory or warehouse floors are affected by any of these issues then FCS Concrete Repairs have the experience and expertise to investigate, test, diagnose and recommend the most cost effective course of action to repair the floor and mitigate any further deterioration or future damage.

    Concrete floors suffer this damage due to a large number of contributing causes:

    • Forklift damage to floor joints and floor areas
    • Heavy Loading damage to floors
    • Failure when design limits are exceeded
    • Subsidence of the sub-base
    • Washout of the sub-base
    • Poorly compacted sub-base
    • Structural cracking
    • Cold storage damage to floors
    • Machinery loading on floors
    • Machinery vibration impacts
    • Concrete dusting
    • Concrete wear and tear
    • Rusting of internal reinforcement steel
    • Potholes
    • Floor demarcation line and safety marking wear
    • Ingress of water
    • Chemical damage
    • Ground movement
    • Stress loadings
    • Temperature changes
    • Product contamination of floor surface
    • Delamination of concrete toppings
    • Surface scaling
    • Deterioration of applied coatings
    • Plastic shrinkage cracking
    • Overworking of surface during concrete placing
    • Inadequate curing
    • Premature surface sealing during concrete placing
    • Improper concrete compaction
    • Excessive moisture loss during concrete placing
    • Poor structural design

     

    It is important to determine the root cause of the concrete failure and develop a strategy to remedy the cause and complete an effective repair with a minimum of disruption to operations by delivering the best possible outcome.

    FCS Concrete Repairs have a strong knowledge base to ensure that any repairs are effective. Our extensive prior experience in concrete construction, concrete repair techniques, selection of the appropriate repair methods and the right repair materials for the job will ensure a quality repair. There are a wide range of repair materials and selection of the correct material and methodology is critical to a successful outcome.

    FCS Concrete Repairs repair techniques include:

    Concrete Floor Repair and Crack Injection

    Concrete Wall Repair and Crack Injection

    Joint Filling

    Reinforced Concrete Replacement

     

     


    Concrete Patch Repairs


    Flexible Concrete Infills Across Joint [Latest Technology – Elastomeric Concrete]

    Delaminated Concrete Topping Repair

    Grated Drain Repair

    FCS Concrete Repairs are members of ACRA, the Australasian Concrete Repair Association.

    FCS Concrete Repairs are the Preferred and Approved Contractors to the major material suppliers such as Prime Resins in the USA, Parchem, Sika, Epirez, International, Fosroc, Dulux and Thorhelical Remedial Solutions.

    FCS Concrete Repairs are quality accredited:

    REPUTATION FOR QUALITY

    Our reputation is important to us and is built upon experience and an understanding of the importance of the full and thorough preparation of the repair area. Inadequate preparation and short cuts are not the answer to an effective repair and a sound LONG TERM solution.

    THE CHEAPEST PRICE IS NOT ALWAYS THE ANSWER but FCS Concrete Repairs can offer a competitive solution without sacrificing quality.

    If your property is in need of repair please contact us, firstly, for an inspection, secondly, for advice and, thirdly, for our recommended solution and competitive quotation.

    Concrete Crack Injection

    March 12th, 2019 Posted by Blog, Concrete Repair, Concrete Repairs, Crack Injection 0 thoughts on “Concrete Crack Injection”

    Cracks in concrete need to be repaired as they are a potential threat to the viability of the steel reinforcement within the concrete structure due to the ingress of water. Water quickly causes the internal reinforcement to corrode, expand and cause the encasing concrete to fracture and break away.

    Early treatment will prevent this process from taking place and enable the injection of epoxy resins or polymers into the cracks. Once the process of corrosion is allowed to occur then a costly repair is necessary and the steel reinforcement needs to be treated or replaced to prevent failure of the structure due to a recurrence of the corrosion process or the need for further expensive repairs.

    THE CRACK INJECTION PROCESS

    The surface of the concrete is first cleaned along the crack. Loose material and contaminants are removed. The crack is the cleaned out to remove any material so that the resin or polymer can flow freely into and along the crack.

    Resin is then injected under pressure either into injection ports which have been place at intervals along the crack. Crack injection is a skilled task and should only be undertaken by experienced tradesmen.

    Crack injection may be undertaken using a pump to apply pressure or using a hand pressure gun.

    FCS Concrete Repairs are specialists in Crack Injection and Concrete Repair. There are a variety of repair processes and materials available and FCS Concrete Repairs are experienced in selecting the appropriate process and the specialist material required to carryout an effective repair.

    A Truism: Modern Concrete Cracks and Concrete Leaks!

    October 2nd, 2017 Posted by Blog, Concrete Repair, Concrete Repairs, Crack Injection, Main Feature, Projects 0 thoughts on “A Truism: Modern Concrete Cracks and Concrete Leaks!”

    There are four types of concrete!

    Concrete that can crack!

    Concrete that has cracked!

    Concrete that can leak!

    Concrete that has leaked!

    Truism: This observation is obviously true and says nothing new or even interesting about concrete but if you have a problem and need a solution then:

    TALK TO THE DIRECTORS AT FCS CONCRETE REPAIRS.

    They are ready to help you!

    When does concrete crack and leak?

    Shrinkage cracks may occur when water evaporates from the concrete soon after it is layed during the drying process. (that is, the curing process) Hot weather can cause rapid evaporation if curing compound is not properly used to slow the evaporation and cold weather can slow the evaporation process. Fine cracks give the opportunity for water to penetrate the concrete and cause the steel reinforcement to rust and concrete degradation.

    Structural cracks when the concrete structure is over-loaded or subject to design flaws will allow water to penetrate the concrete and cause the steel reinforcement to rust leading to concrete degradation.

    Concrete cancer cracking when water penetrates into the concrete and causes the internal steel reinforcement to corrode, expand and cracks form from within allowing water to leak through the concrete element.

    Concrete cracking when the sub-base is inadequate or a washout occurs allowing water to flow under and through the concrete element.

    Soil movement below the sub-base due to natural movement or the expansion and contraction of the underlying clay earth in times of heavy rain or drought allowing water to flow below and washout the concrete element.

    Cracking due to freezing conditions followed by thawing which may also cause expansion and contraction and allow water to leak through and below the concrete element.

    Hot summers can cause cracking due to expansion of the concrete and allow the ingress of water.

    Washouts behind retaining walls may also result in structural cracking and gushing leaks.

    HEADLINE NEWS!

    Fortunately, experienced Concrete Repair Contractors like, FCS Concrete Repairs, have the solutions. Experienced tradesmen, high-tech equipment and repair materials, and technical knowledge can combine to provide near permanent solutions to concrete cracking and leaking. Early intervention is also critical in enabling effective repair and cost effective solutions.

    What can be done?

    Badly damaged concrete can be replaced BUT this can be costly and involves:

    • Investigation
    • Demolition
    • Removal
    • Replacement

    Modern crack injection methods can provide a cost effective alternative solution:

    • Polyurethane injection

    Single component hydrophobic foam can be injected to stop water infiltration and to stop high pressure flowing water and to fill voids behind the structure or joints or cracking in concrete.

    Two component hydrophobic rapid setting foam can be injected. This foam is highly reactive, high strength and expands up to ten times when in contact with ground water.

    • Polyurea Silicate

    Two component low density foam to fill cavities provides structural strength and flexibility to stabilise strata.

    • Acrylic

    One component water based acrylic joint sealant and gap filler which has low adhesive and compressive strength, but high tear strength.

    • Cementitious Grout

    A combination of cement and water, plus admixes or additives to alter their properties. There are three main types – pure cement mixes (PCMs) composed of cement and water, admixed cement mixes (ACMs) composed of PCM and admixtures, and additive cement mixes (ADCMs) composed of ACM and additives.

    • Epoxy injection

    Two component, low viscosity, solvent free, moisture insensitive, structural epoxy injection resin used to seal cracks and cavities and forms an effective barrier against the infiltration of water and bonds concrete to restore structural integrity. Doesn’t bond as well to wet surfaces.

    FCS Concrete Repairs has the expertise to investigate, test, diagnose and recommend on the most appropriate and cost effective solution to your concrete cracking and leaking problem.

    Joints are not the problem; Cracks are!

    June 23rd, 2017 Posted by Blog, Concrete Repair, Concrete Repairs, Joint Sealing, Reinforced Concrete 0 thoughts on “Joints are not the problem; Cracks are!”

    Joints are placed in concrete pavement to accommodate slab movement and to prevent natural cracking. The theory is that cracking will follow along the joints if they are correctly positioned.

    The first concrete pavement slabs had no real design and no crack control joints or dowels and no steel reinforcement.

    In the first part of the 1900s Joint Reinforced Concrete Pavement appeared containing steel reinforcement mesh to hold cracking tightly. Then followed Jointed Plain Concrete Pavement using contraction joints to control cracking with no reinforcement steel and dowel bars were introduced to transverse joints to assist in load transfer in 1917. In 1923 Continuous Reinforced Concrete Pavement was introduced whereby transverse cracks are allowed to form but are held tightly together with continuous reinforcing steel.

    Joint Spacing

    Joint spacing is very important in crack control as cracks can form naturally during the curing process without suitable control joints in place.

    The formula for maximum joint spacing is the relationship between:

    • The radius of relative stiffness (mm),
    • the modulus of elasticity of concrete (Mpa)
    • the slab thickness (mm),
    • the modulus of subgrade reaction (Mpa/m),
    • Poisson’s ratio for concrete, usually 0.15.

    Saw Cutting

    There is a short window of opportunity for saw-cutting joints in slabs. Too early and you get ravelling of the joint and the faces are torn and damaged. Too late and the internal stresses causing cracking have already started randomly in the slab.

    The saw cut depth and timing is critical for joint formation.

    Types of Joints

    There are several types of joints which can be transverse or longitudinal in direction:

    • Contraction Joints
    • Construction Joints
    • Isolation Joints
    • Expansion Joints

    All are designed to induce or control cracking.

    Joint Sealants

    Joint Sealants are used to minimise infiltration of surface water and incompressible material into the joint. Unsealed joints can allow sub-soil washout and voids to form and uneven subsidence of slabs resulting in differing RLs and rough transitions across joints.

    Dowel Bars

    Dowel Bars are used to control the joints and their alignment and spacing is critical. If dowels are misaligned and both ends of the dowels are locked in the slab concrete failure and cracking will result. The absence of dowels may cause the transitions across joints to become uneven when the adjoining slab moves out of level or concrete curling occurs.

    Dowel racks are an excellent innovation as they ensure that the dowels are aligned correctly and held in place during the concrete pour.

    Sub-base

    The sub-base material must be compactible and pumping of water through the sub-base through un-doweled joints needs to be eliminated.

    Curing

    Proper curing practices delay the development of these internal stresses, controls internal temperature, delays moisture evaporation, and fosters the development of increased strength.

    Curing therefore controls the evaporation of moisture during the concrete setting process and helps to prevent premature drying of the surface which can prevent or delay the evaporation of the remaining moisture below resulting in an uneven set and issues with strength and surface dusting.

    Steel Reinforcement

    The correct placement of steel reinforcement bars and mesh is critical to provide strength, reduce width and frequency of cracking and hold slabs together whilst setting and under load.

    Typical Jointing Problems

    • Concrete sawing too early causing ravelling or spalling
    • Concrete sawing too late causing early-age cracking
    • Concrete cracking due to insufficient joint depth
    • Concrete cracking due to excessive joint spacing
    • Concrete cracking due to excessive unrestrained warping
    • Concrete cracking due to too much edge restraint
    • Concrete cracking due to excessive slab to sub-base bonding
    • Concrete cracking due to misalignment of dowel bars
    • Concrete cracking due to lack of consideration of weather conditions
    • Sealant not adhering to joint faces
    • Sealant pulls out during operation
    • Sealant gelling
    • Sealant cracking or debonding
    • Voids of bubbles in sealant
    • Water pumping into sub-base
    • Sub-base washout
    • Concrete slab moving out of level

    The Solution

    FCS Concrete Repairs are fully resourced to Inspect, Test, Diagnose and make informed recommendations on the best permanent and cost effective methods to rectify any concrete cracking and maintenance issues. Joint repair and reinstatement is our forte!

    Ref: All About Concrete Pavement Joint Design & Construction
    September 19, 2013, Eric Ferrebee, EITTechnical Services Engineer, ACPA
    Solander Towers

    Solander Towers

    March 14th, 2017 Posted by Concrete Repairs, Projects, Protective Coating 0 thoughts on “Solander Towers”

    Client: Solander Towers
    Project: Solander Towers
    Location: Cronulla NSW
    Scope: Concrete driveway repairs

    Carbon Fibre Wall Straightening

    North Head North Fort Plotting Room

    March 14th, 2017 Posted by Concrete Repairs, Projects, Protective Coating 0 thoughts on “North Head North Fort Plotting Room”

    Client: Sydney Harbour Federation Trust
    Project: North Head North Fort Plotting Room
    Location: North Head NSW
    Scope: Concrete repairs and protective coating

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