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    Eroding Soil Could Lead to Cave In Underneath Busy Intersection

    April 4th, 2017 Posted by Case Study, Featured Case Study 0 thoughts on “Eroding Soil Could Lead to Cave In Underneath Busy Intersection”

    Eroding Soil Could Lead to Cave In Underneath Busy Intersection

    Hi Ray,

    Ever worry about the ground collapsing out from under your car while you’re waiting at a red light?  Perhaps you should.  Here’s a story that should serve as a wake up call to us all…

    Recently, county inspectors found a depression in a road – due to an underground sewer line that wasn’t sealed – at a heavily trafficked roadway intersection in Orange County, Florida.  Water and eroding soil were infiltrating the sewer line causing the road to slowly settle.  The resulting voids around the drainage structures had the potential to grow larger, eventually resulting in a complete cave-in of the roadway.  In this particular case, there was a patch of asphalt 12’ x 25’ that was settling and officials feared a cave-in would occur.  A point repair was done from within the leaky pipe to stop the infiltration but they feared it was only a matter of time before the road gave way. It was going to be very difficult and inconvenient to dig up this roadway, fill the void, re-compact, and re-pave due to the high volume of traffic, the adjoining rail crossing, as well as several major utilities running through the area.  Not to mention that the area would have to be completely shut down to accommodate all of the equipment required for such a repair.

    Powerful Polymer

    Orange County approached Alchemy-Spetec to see if we could come up with a powerful, painless and rapid solution using chemical grouting to fill the voids and stabilize the roadway. We devised a solution for them using the versatility of AP Fill 700 as both a permeation and void filling grout.

    Painless Procedure

    We advised their crew to lay out a grid on the settling asphalt area and set up injection points to drive pipes down to the 13’ depth where leaking had occurred and where the loose soil zone was located.

    They monitored the pipes while injecting material at a rate of 2 gallons per vertical foot through the open manhole to identify additional leaks that had been missed during the first point repair.  As expected when foam was observed coming in through a leaking joint it quickly sealed off the leak at the same time it was stabilizing the soil.

    Rapid Result

    To keep the lane closure down to a bare minimum of time, the project was successfully completed on two separate Saturdays.  The voids were filled, the loose soil was solidified, and now only minor asphalt patching will be required to make that area smooth for traffic again.


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    Application of FRP Composites in Strengthening the Reinforced Concrete Headstock of a Bridge Structure

    February 15th, 2017 Posted by Case Study, Reinforced Concrete 0 thoughts on “Application of FRP Composites in Strengthening the Reinforced Concrete Headstock of a Bridge Structure”

    Worldwide interest is being generated in the use of fibre-reinforced polymer composites FRP in the rehabilitation of aged or damaged reinforced concrete structures. As a replacement for the traditional steel plates or external posttensioning in strengthening applications, various types of FRP plates, with their high strength-to-weight ratio and good resistance to corrosion, represent a class of ideal material in externally retrofitting.

    This paper describes a solution proposed to strengthen the damaged reinforced concrete headstock of the Tenthill Creeks Bridge, Queensland, Australia, using FRP composites.

    A decision was made to consider strengthening the headstock using bonded carbon FRP laminates to increase the load carrying capacity of the headstock in shear and bending. The relevant guidelines and design recommendations were compared and adopted in accordance with AS 3600 and Austroads bridge design code to estimate the shear and flexural capacity of a rectangular cracked FRP reinforced concrete section.

    Photo from www.researchgate.net

    Case Study By: Abolghasem Nezamian, Worley Parsons, and Sujeeva Setunge, RMIT University

    Download a full-text PDF of the Case Study here

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